Those big, red pimples make it difficult for you to get clear skin. Acne or Acne Vulgaris is a troublesome skin condition that can happen any time to any person of any age. It is a common skin disorder of hair follicles and sebaceous glands. To defeat acne, it is quite important to understand how and why acne occurs.

Why Acne Occurs?

There isn’t one factor that causes acne. However, it generally occurs when the sebaceous glands or oil glands stimulate at the time of puberty. Sebum oil lubricates and protects the skin. But, with an increase in oil production, the skin cells mature that clogs the follicular pore. The clogged pore often shows up as a ‘Whitehead.’ Gradually, it enlarges and produces a bump on the skin.

Other contributing factors are as under:

  • Heredity:  You are likely to have acne if one of your parents had severe acne.
  • Drugs:  Medications containing bromides, iodides, steroids may cause or aggravate acne. However, most cases there’s no acne treatment involved.
  • Cosmetics: Some skin care products or cosmetics clog the skin pores. If you are concerned about acne, ‘water-based’ products work well for you.

Myths About Acne

Myths related to acne are as common as the skin problem itself. As we have discussed what causes acne, let us have a look at what doesn’t.

  • Food: Some recent studies suggest that a high-carbohydrate diet, chocolate, milk can aggravate acne or pimples. The food we eat can affect our hormones that may cause acne. However, it doesn’t play a direct role in causing acne.
  • Sweat: Sweating has nothing to do with the breakouts because sweat is produced by separate glands in the skin. Whereas, excessive washing leaves the skin dry and may cause acne to appear.
  • “Let Acne Run”: It is one of the most common myths regarding acne. Dermatologists suggest that letting the acne run its course isn’t good advice.

Types Of Acne

Acne falls under two categories: Inflammatory and Non-Inflammatory.


As the name depicts, inflammatory acne is painful and are likely to cause dark spots, scarring, or pitting. This type of acne shows up on the skin as:

  • Cysts: Cysts originate deep within the skin and are filled with pus. It is the most painful and severe form of acne.
  • Papules: Irritated whiteheads or blackheads may develop into tender, red bumps underneath the skin, which we call papules.
  • Pustules: These are more severe than papules with more tender bumps containing pus in the center.
  • Nodules: Nodules arise when the clogged pores damage the tissues beneath the skin. They are hard and painful.

Non-Inflammatory Acne:

These acnes include whiteheads and blackheads and normally don’t cause any swellings.

Blackheads:   These are also called as open comedones; they occur when the pores are clogged by the combination of sebum as well as dead skin cells.  You might observe black color on your face .

Whiteheads:  These are the formed when the pores get clogged by sebum and by the coagulation of dead skin cells.  unlike open comedones, the top pores in it are closed and look like a small bump.

When Should You Start Acne Treatment?

When severe acne flares suddenly and scarring develops, or mild acne that doesn’t go away, you need to treat the acne. Here is what dermatologists recommend to reduce acne or avoid making it worse.

  • Take a good sleep, eat healthy meals, and drink plenty of water.
  • Don’t play with your pimples. Let your skin heal naturally.
  • Touching your skin throughout the day may cause flare-ups. So, it is better to keep your hands off your face.
  • Wash your face twice a day, as well as, after sweating

Consult a dermatologist if despite using the acne treatment products haven’t worked to treat acne.